Among the varieties of strawberries, there are those who are loved by many gardeners. Choose favorite varieties for their virtues. For strawberry it is:
- nutritional properties;
- unpretentious care;
- resistance to adverse factors during transportation, to the effects of parasites and diseases.
Which of these characteristics is the Tsaritsa strawberry variety? After all, not without purpose this variety of strawberry received such a name. The strawberry variety “Tsaritsa” was bred in Russia, more precisely, in the Bryansk region. Two well-known varieties, Venta and Red Gontlet, served as progenitors, and Russian breeder Svetlana Aytzhanova was able to combine their qualities. The theme of our article will be a wonderful strawberry "Queen", a description of the variety, photos, reviews of gardeners.
Characteristics of a variety
To understand the benefits of the Tsaritsa strawberry, it is advisable to grow a variety in the region in which it was bred. For Russian gardeners - this is a real gift. Garden strawberry "Tsaritsa" tolerates cold winters so well that it far surpassed its ancestors by this indicator. With a snowy winter for this variety are not afraid of cold to -40 ° C. If a snowless winter threatens, you will have to cover the strawberry ridges with spruce branches, leaves or covering materials.
The variety of strawberry garden "Tsarina" refers to the average ripening period. This makes it possible to get berries of a wonderful taste a little later than usual terms. Garden cocktail is the main advantage. After all, early varieties of strawberries bear fruit before other crops. And the Tsaritsa strawberry gives a harvest when other berries ripen. Billets, fresh fruit salads, fragrant juices - this is what gardeners love this variety for.
What characteristics allowed the strawberry variety "Tsaritsa" to take a priority place among other items? Large-fruited, fairly stable harvest, berries with dessert taste and aroma of wild strawberries - an incomplete list of the advantages of strawberries. Description of the plant should start with the appearance:
- Bushes. Medium size, medium leafy, half sprawling.
- Flowers Bisexual, white, peduncles are located at or below the foliage. Leaves. Smooth, without edges, dim green hue. At the ends of blunt cloves.
- Berries. Very symmetrical, regular form. The first fruits are much larger than the next ones. Juicy and tasty.
The main advantages of strawberry "Queen" include good frost resistance. However, in the hot season, the variety also exhibits good endurance. It is important not to forget to water the beds plentifully, because the garden strawberry "Queen" is very demanding on watering. It is better to adhere to a specific schedule that is suitable for the climatic conditions of your region.
Resistance to diseases and pests. This indicator is very important for any grade of garden strawberry. "Queen" does not suffer from fungal diseases, copes well with ticks and slugs.Attention! Yield varieties "Queen" decreases with the age of the bushes, so you need to replace them in time.
Strawberry "Queen" refers to a plant of short daylight hours, so the fruit buds for the next crop, she laid in late summer. At this time, the exhausting heat subsides, the air cools a little, the evenings become cooler.
Nuances of growing a variety in the garden
You need to start with the choice of quality planting material. Garden strawberry "Tsaritsa" breeds with a mustache, but the first seedlings are best purchased in a nursery or breeding center. In this case, you can be sure that strawberry seedlings are of the appropriate type and grown to meet all the requirements of agricultural technology. Choose seedlings in special containers with a closed root system. This will allow the Tsaritsa variety strawberries to easily transfer transportation and transfer.Important! The seedling should have at least 4 healthy leaves and a healthy root system. Roots about 10 cm long in the straightened state.
Place for planting should be selected in advance, so that purchased strawberry seedlings of the "Tsaritsa" variety were placed. What are the requirements of the grade to their place of residence? It should be:
- even without elevations and lowlands;
- constantly lit by the sun;
- with good airing ridges;
- without close proximity of tall buildings or plants, as well as solanaceous crops.
For the successful cultivation of strawberry variety "Queen" is best suited light loamy soil, necessarily fertile. If you are the owner of poor soil, then carry out activities to improve it. Garden strawberries "Tsaritsa" need on heavy and clay soils to ensure drainage and make digging sand. And for sand on 1 square. square meter will need 2 buckets of mullein (humus), a tablespoon of wood ash and 50 grams of urea. Add all the components when digging in the autumn under the strawberry ridge.
Strawberry seedlings “Tsaritsa” can be planted both in spring (in April) and in autumn (end of September). Gardeners are more inclined to spring planting. The seedling quickly takes root and develops. This is due to the length of daylight and soil processes. Autumn day is shorter, the microorganisms in the soil reduce their activity, so the seedlings are more difficult to take root. Autumn planting of garden strawberries "Tsaritsa" is not welcome in any region. With a favorable warm climate, the saplings immediately grow, even without having time to take root normally. Winter temperatures will destroy the weak roots. In colder climates, early frosts will bring harm to the roots.
As soon as the beds and seedlings are ready, it's time to start planting strawberries of the "Tsaritsa" variety. You can use two methods - tape or in the hole.
With the tape method, they lay a groove with a depth of 15 cm. The groove width is no more than 40 cm. Strawberry saplings are placed along the groove with an interval of 20 cm.
Be sure to straighten the roots and sprinkle the bush with earth. An important condition - you can not sprinkle the central kidney, it must rise above ground level. The plant is immediately watered and mulched. For mulching strawberry ridges using straw, dry cut grass, sawdust (wood). Layer thickness from 5 mm to 10 mm depending on the material.
Planting in the hole is carried out in the same manner, but instead of the groove, separate pits are made for each strawberry seedling.
When the variety of strawberries "Tsaritsa" is already growing in your area, it can be propagated in a vegetative way.
How to do it correctly demonstrates a training video:
Care for garden strawberries of the Tsaritsa variety after planting includes the standard requirements of agrotechnology - watering, feeding, protection from pests and diseases, weeding the ridges, removing excess whiskers, mulching. The last point is extraordinary. Properly selected mulch will protect the planting from drying out of the soil and help maintain the purity of the berries. Summer residents especially note the way of growing strawberry variety “Tsaritsa” under agrofibre.
Basic rules of care
Let's start with watering. Garden strawberries are very demanding for watering. The variety "Tsarina" is considered to be drought-resistant, but this does not mean at all that the plant will survive without additional moisture. The exceptions are the years with a rhythmic alternation of rainy and sunny days. Also in the region with high humidity, you can water the bushes much less. Excessive moisture leads to the rapid spread of fungal infections.
In a dry and hot climate, the Tsaritsa strawberries are watered regularly and abundantly. The interval between the two irrigation stand no more than 10 days. The main stages of growth of bushes, during which the berry needs water:
- when the bushes bloom;
- when fruits are fastened and formed;
- when they are poured and ripen.
The soil should be saturated with moisture 25 cm deep, so 2-3 buckets of water are poured onto one bush. At other times, drip irrigation will be sufficient, with a frequency of 3 weeks.
Feeding strawberry bushes is carried out with the help of organic and mineral compounds.Important! Strictly observe the dosage and frequency of nutrition of strawberry varieties "Queen".
An overdose of nutrients is also undesirable, as is the lack of them. If you have fertilized the soil well at the time of preparing the ridges, then you need to start feeding the berry from the third year of life.
Gather the berries after the dew has come down. They ripen unevenly. During the harvest, ripen all ripe fruit. During the fruiting from one bush varieties "Queen" get up to 60 large berries.
Another important stage - the protection of plants in the years of frosty winters with little snow.
The ridges are covered at the beginning of November with available material - sawdust, straw, spruce branches, paper, covering material. In areas with strong winds shelter necessarily fix. Experienced gardeners put overdone manure, peat or compost under the covering material. It serves as additional heating and nutrition for the root system of the strawberry "Queen".
In order to fully get acquainted with the benefits of strawberry variety "Tsaritsa", it is necessary to get the opinions and feedback of gardeners, on the site of which this variety is already growing.Tatyana Nalyvaiko, Tomsk In the spring of last year, the Tsaritsa variety was first planted. I was surprised and pleased that after winter all the bushes were completely preserved. Lunge is not observed. The quality of the berries is excellent, the presentation also. Well tolerated transportation. Only fresh is not stored for a very long time (I would like to enjoy delicious berries longer!) Oleg Vesnyanko, Angarsk The Tsaritsa strawberry variety was loved by my family members for taste, aroma and unpretentiousness. This year I tried to significantly expand the landing for commercial purposes. Completely satisfied with the result. Watering drip, top dressing standard, and the berries are very commodity and reliable.