The flowering of tulips is associated with the onset of spring. Gentle flower love all over the world. We are trying to decorate tulips with the territory of most homestead plots. Plant bulbs mostly in autumn. Let's talk about how to plant tulips according to the rules in the Urals.
Why is it necessary to dig the bulbs in the spring
When you start talking about the requirement to dig up the bulbs, store them and plant them again with the onset of autumn, many gardeners do not understand why this is necessary. This rule of many gardeners forced to abandon the cultivation of tulips.
It is important to note that the right approach to growing gives excellent results. Today, many manufacturers are trying to facilitate the work of gardeners. For lovers of onion selling special lightweight baskets. They are inexpensive, they can put the bulbs of the same type and when digging not worry about the fact that they spoil.
When planting in the autumn period, the bulb takes root. This is facilitated by favorable cool weather, which reigns before frosts. Through the root system during this period all the necessary nutrients are absorbed. In the spring the plant wakes up and blooms with particular pomp, the buds are large in size.Attention! In whatever region you live in, remember: you need to dig up tulips after flowering, save them in a special way and plant them in the garden again in the fall.
Let's talk about how to do it right the inhabitants of the Urals.
Tulips planting rules
Tulips - beautiful flowers, delicate. Variants of shades of petals a huge amount, with fringe, two-color, three-color. But in order to achieve lush flowering, it is necessary to carry out the landing properly. Planting tulips requires a lot of time, this is the main disadvantage of such work. No one wants to, after hard work in the garden, the tulips do not sprout or please the gardener with flowering.
Planting tulips in the fall in the Urals should be made according to the rules. The basic requirements are:
- tulips are planted in open space, where there is an abundance of sunlight;
- these flowers love fertile, loose soil;
- when planting tulips observe deadlines so that the root is fully grown before frost.
Let's talk about the rules of landing in more detail.
Choosing a place
Choosing a place is always very difficult. Decide on this need in advance. There are several factors to consider:
- tulips love space: the distance between the bulbs is about 10 centimeters, which allows the root to eat well;
- the depth of planting tulips is 15-20 centimeters;
- place under the bed should be reliably protected from the winds;
- flowerbed with these flowers should be large and occupy a worthy place in the garden.
It is a pity that tulips bloom long. If they do not have enough space, the stem will stretch, and the flower will be small. In some cases, flowering and you will not wait until the landing if carried out directly in the shade.
We have already written that this flower loves rich soil. In addition, a flower bed with tulips can be arranged on poor soils, following certain rules. Basic soil requirements:
- the soil should be loose;
- abundance of sand is welcome;
- groundwater level should be low;
- pH is neutral or slightly alkaline.
If there is an abundance of clay in the area, dig up the earth and add sand to it. If the groundwater is very close to the surface, the roots will constantly rot. You can solve this problem by building a flowerbed on a hill.
Even if the soil on the plot is ideal for planting bulbous, top dressing does not hurt. It is recommended to use as fertilizer:
- ammonium nitrate;
- phosphate complex fertilizer.
Feeding needs to be carried out three times a year. In the fall, only ammonium nitrate can be added, but in spring potassium and phosphate fertilizers will be required. They will ensure good growth of the stems and beautiful flowering.
If your tulips are not distinguished by leaf splendor, then complex feeding is required. This is not worth saving.
Selection of landing time
It is necessary to plant tulips in the fall at a certain time. It depends on when frosts start in the region. Speaking of the Urals, you need to understand that the climate in this vast territory may differ slightly.Tip! Garden work in the Middle Urals can begin from 10 to 20 September, and in the southern part of the region, these periods can be postponed until mid-October.
Sometimes the weather makes its adjustments. Autumn comes a little earlier or, conversely, warm days are all September. In this case, you need to use the following rule:
- daytime temperatures should not fall below 7 degrees;
- night temperature - below 3 degrees.
Rooting is given at least three weeks. According to these data, the optimal time for planting bulbs - a month before the onset of frost.
It is also not worth early autumn planting, because after rooting the plant can “wake up” and grow, and this is fraught with the fact that in spring the shoots will be very weak.
Let's tell how to plant tulips in the fall. Work begins with the preparation of the soil. Preparatory work begins two weeks before the intended landing. Choosing the most suitable site, the soil should be well dig up to the depth of planting bulbs, that is, 20 centimeters. If there was no rain for a long time, then the soil needs to be watered.
When digging in the heavy soil make the sand. After this, the soil must be leveled with a rake. Do not allow pits and elevations.
Bulbs are also prepared for planting. It is necessary to take either just bought in the store, or saved from the spring. All that are rotten and small are removed to the side, only large and medium ones are allowed to land. The quality of planting material depends on what kind of flowers it will give in spring.
Before planting, the bulbs can be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and, if you really want to, sprinkle with growth indicator. All material is ready for landing!
There comes the most time-consuming process - landing. Choosing a place and the right time, you can start work. When planting flowers, place medium-sized bulbs to a depth of 15 centimeters, and large ones by 20. Extreme accuracy in this matter is not important.
If a composition is created in the form of a flower bed, it is necessary to plant large bulbs in the center, and medium ones at the edges. The flower in the middle will be smaller, and the stem - in short. You also need to maintain a certain distance between the bulbs themselves. It is 6-10 centimeters. The distance also depends on the size of the bulbs.
For those who use tulips of different varieties in flower beds, I would like to remind you that they may have different flowering periods. It is not necessary to plant them around. In flowerbeds, tulips are most often planted in a staggered manner. If tulips border the path, plant them in a previously dug flat trench.
The process of planting itself is simple.
Dig a hole or trench of a certain size. In it spread a tulip bulb rhizome down. It is not necessary to press it, because it can damage the thin roots. Then the trench or hole is covered with earth. After planting all the bulbs, the ground is carefully leveled. If the weather is sunny and rainy is not planned, you can slightly water the soil.
Digging out dried tulips
In the spring, flower beds with tulips delight the eye. This flower rightfully occupies one of the main places in the gardens of Russians. The abundance of colors and the splendor of flowering are the advantages of tulips. Among the shortcomings is the short duration of the flowering period, but this applies to all spring beauties. Those who are new to this issue, it is important to know the basic rules of care.
Fertilizers are applied to the soil before flowering in early spring. Faded tulips are cut so that they do not spoil the look. After flowering, you will need to wait for some time until the foliage has fallen before digging the bulbs.
If the gardener has set up labels for different varieties in the fall, it will be convenient for him to dig and sort the plants. Put them in dry baskets, boxes or other containers that are easy to store.
In order for the bulbs to be well preserved from spring to autumn, it is important to follow simple rules:
- planting material is stored in its pure form without roots, lumps of earth and leaves;
- before putting them in storage, they must be dried;
- before drying, it is possible to soak the bulbs in a weak solution of potassium permanganate;
- keep them well in dry sawdust that will absorb any excess moisture.
Storage conditions are also quite simple:
- temperature regime - from +20 to +25 degrees;
- by the fall, the temperature is reduced to + 15 degrees;
- it is necessary to ventilate the room and not to allow an increase in humidity.
Many gardeners ask whether to care for tulips planted in the Urals, in the cold season. As a rule, such care is not required, but we advise gardeners in the Middle Urals to warm the bulbs.
This can be done with the help of fir branches or snow. If the frost is strong for a long time, you can cover the landing site with a snow drift. So, bulbs better winter.
As a rule, tulips winter well and spring delight the eye with its delicate bright colors. Do not deny yourself the pleasure to plant them according to all the rules!